Wednesday 11 January 2023

All about Pongal festival


  • Pongal is a four-day harvest festival celebrated in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, as well as in other parts of India where there is a significant Tamil population.
  • The festival is usually celebrated in January and marks the beginning of the sun's six-month-long journey northward, also known as the Uttarayana.


  • The origins of the Pongal festival can be traced back to ancient times, with evidence suggesting that it was celebrated by the Tamils even before the Common Era.
  • The festival is steeped in tradition and has significant religious and cultural significance for the people of Tamil Nadu.


  • The Pongal festival is celebrated to thank the sun god, Lord Surya, for providing the energy needed for agriculture.
  • The festival also marks the end of the harvest season and the start of a new one.


  • Pongal typically falls in the middle of January and is celebrated over four days.
  • The first day is called "Bhogi Pongal," and is dedicated to Lord Indra, the god of rain.
  • The second day is "Surya Pongal," which is dedicated to Lord Surya.
  • The third day is "Mattu Pongal," which is dedicated to cows and other domestic animals.
  • The fourth day is "Kaanum Pongal," which is a day for families to get together and enjoy the fruits of the harvest.

Pongal Games and Venues:

  • The famous places for Pongal games are mainly in Tamil Nadu and other places like Andhra Pradesh and Puducherry.
  • Villages, towns, and cities across Tamil Nadu come alive with traditional games, competitions, and cultural programs during the Pongal festival.

Dress Code:

  • The Pongal dress code is traditional Indian attire, with women typically wearing sarees or half sarees and men wearing veshti (dhoti) and angavastram (upper garment).

Foods and Sweets:

  • Pongal special foods include dishes made from newly harvested rice, lentils, and sugarcane.
  • Pongal sweets include sweets such as adhirasam, chakli, and murukku.


  • The benefits of Pongal festival are many, both culturally and socially.
  • It is a time for families to come together and celebrate the harvest.
  • It brings together different communities in a spirit of harmony and goodwill.
  • It helps to promote the rich cultural heritage of Tamil Nadu.
  • Pongal is also an opportunity to give thanks for the blessings of the previous year and to look forward to the prosperity and happiness in the new year.

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